Contenu principal de l'article
The right to education is a fundamental right provided for in the international instruments signed by the Republic and enshrined in the dogmatic part of the National Constitution, and it is a duty of the State to guarantee to all citizens a learning process capable of promoting the maximum development of their capacities through knowledge. This power exhibits a greater commitment to protect children and adolescents, especially when they have a disability. In order to ensure the enjoyment of this right, several attempts have been made to establish educational systems that seek the "integration" of persons with disabilities into society, creating the Special Education System parallel to the "normal" system, where the distinction of subjects based on the supposed criterion of normality can be appreciated. Currently, inclusive education is promoted to allow the existence of a single educational system, in order to ensure, in addition to education, the right to equality. To this end, the educational model instituted in the Nation is examined in order to determine the effectiveness of the system to achieve an inclusive education that eradicates the limiting social barriers due to disability.