The Relationship of Intellectual Capital with the Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance

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Bakri Hasanuddin, Mustainah Mappatoba

Résumé

Intellectual capital has a number of components namely; human capital; structural capital; and customer capital in whichthe capital is an important factor for building competitive advantage and organizational performance on an ongoing basis.             The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship and the effect of intellectual capital on competitive advantage and organizational performance in manufacturing companies in Central Sulawesi Province as well as  examine the influence of both simultaneously and partially on competitive advantage and organizational performance. The study was conducted by using explanatory survey method and implemented a questionnaire as a primary means of data collection, which describes the relationship of independent variables on the dependent variable.The population is the mid-sized and largemanufacturing companies in Central Sulawesi province, represented by one of the owners or directors, managers or employees that representing as the respondents. The data of influence of the model is analyzed through the use of Partial Least Square (PLS) techniques. Modeling results have a high suitability in explaining the relationship between variables. The results also showed that human capital, structural capital, and customer capital simultaneously affect the competitive advantage and organizational performance. Partially only human and structural capital that significantly take effect for both the competitive advantage and organizational performance. In this case, human capital is more dominant in influencing the competitive advantage and organizational performance.

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