Contenu principal de l'article
This article discusses the formation of the ideas of atheism, indifferentism and secularism in Western Europe on the basis of the idea of denial of any religion as a result of the church's serious resistance to the development of science and the Inquisition of scholars. Also, the paper analyzes the Enlightenment movement of the cause of consciousness problem. In the era of the regime of aggressive atheistic ideology towards religious values, secularism and religiosity were opposed to each other. Now, in developed democracies, this view has completely changed. Secularism is not opposed to religiosity, no belief is denied, but any religious belief is considered a natural and social phenomenon, and the scientific basis is given that freedom of conscience is guaranteed by the law for all people regardless of their nationality. The article provides with an example of this is the fact that scholars working in the Muslim East, especially in Movarounnahr, have written works in the fields of secular and religious sciences without contradicting each other. The product of this creation was the product of a single mind, thinking, and heart of the scientist. They became masters of world science, and their immortal, indestructible works were philosophically analyzed to serve as the main basis for the development of world science today. The article suggests a secularist approach to analyze works of scientists as well as analyzes some examples of the great thinkers of the Turkiс world (such as MirzoUlugbek and Ali Kushchi).