Potential of Analog Meat (In Vitro Meat) from Rubber Seeds through Tissue Culture as a Solution for Unsaturated Fatty Acid Rich Meat: A Literature Review

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Nurpudji A. Taslim, Fahrul Nurkolis, Nelly Mayulu, Sutamara L. Noor, Piko Satria Augusta, Rahimi Bahar

Résumé

Non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Indonesia is a chronic disease caused by many factors, such as genetical, physiological, environmental,  behavioral and lifestile. According to Basic Health Research survey (Riskesdas) in 2013 and 2018, the prevalence of  NCD showed increasing number within the last 5 years. The cause of this phenomena was proofed due half of Indonesians people had been consuming high fat or cholesterol or fried food, 1 – 6 timer per week. This mini narrative review study aims to  exploring and discovering the potency of meat analog (in-vitro meat) and tissue culture of rubber seed as a solution for high unsaturated fat meat diet. Literature study related to NCD was found in National Library of Medicine (PubMed). We found that rubber seed contains 9 out of 10 essential amino acid and some unsaturated fatty acids in which when combined with tempeh made by pillar nut (Vina unguiculata) will potentially become an analog meat (in vitro meat) by tissue culture. This idea should be implemented with experimental study hence clinical potency of aforementioned meat analog will be well known.

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