A Qualitative Study of the Ideal L2 Self and the Ought to L2 Self: A Case of the Pakistani Students Studying Chinese in Shanghai, PR China

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Ihsan Ali, Farida Anwar, Shamaila Roohi, Yosra Nasir Bajwa, Quynh Dzung Dang

Résumé

This study aims at exploring the Pakistani students’ vision for learning Chinese. Moreover, it investigates their ideal L2 self & ought to L2 self for learning Chinese in Dörnyei’s construct of the L2 Motivational Self System. As the nature of the current research is explorative, so it employs qualitative approach for the collection and analysis of the data. It uses snowball sampling technique to interview a group of the Pakistani students studying Chinese at Shanghai International Studies University, PR China. Later, the thematic analysis is carried out to find the potential themes and emerging categories. The major findings of this study demonstrate that the Pakistani students have personal and community visions for learning Chinese. Their L2 vision represents their ideal L2 self or ought L2 self. Moreover, the study shows that the ideal L2 self of the Pakistani Chinese language learning students incorporates integrativeness, promotion instrumentality, and intrinsic motives. While the ought to L2 self incorporates preventive instrumentality, conscientiousness and some extrinsic motives. Thus, this explorative study concludes that the ideal L2 self and ought to L2 self L2 in the L2 Motivational Self System are also validated for the Pakistani students studying Chinese at Shanghai International Studies University, PR China.  

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