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Task Based Language Teaching owes much to the theories of Kolb’s experiential learning, Dales’ cone of experience, cognitive learning theories and Vygotsky’s social learning. It is a versatile and multifaceted approach refined from Communicative language teaching method. It stresses on natural context for language use. Task-based learning (TBL) is a way to deal with second language (L2) learning and educating and a teaching methodology in which classroom tasks constitute the fundamental concentration of teaching. A classroom task is characterized as a movement that is objective oriented, content centred, has a genuine result, and reflects real-life language need and use. In task-based learning the learners indulge in classroom activities which facilitate them to improve their speaking. This method has increasingly achieved popularity in recent years and has been recommended as a way forward in ELT. So theresearch opportunities in TBLT is wide open for future scholars, teachers and policy makers not only in ESL / EFL countries but also among English Speaking countries. This paper will be a robust foundation for impending research in TBLT.