Social Network Sites in Learning English; An Invstigation on Attitudes, Digital Literacy and Usage

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Hussien Alakrash, Norizan Abdul Razak, Pramela Krish


The new advancements in technology are continually being incorporated, adopted and utilized in learning English. This quantitative study focuses on EFL students’ attitudes, digital literacy skills, usage for learning purposes and language skills improved using Social Networking Sites (SNSs). In addition, this study is an endeavor to examine whether students’ attitude and digital literacy skills with students’ usage of SNSs for learning purposes. To this end, the data were collected randomly from 200 EFL high school students in five international schools in Malaysia. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS version 25. The findings showed that that students had high level of attitudes towards using SNSs in learning English. However, the students showed moderate level of digital literacy skills in using SNSs. Furthermore, the students showed moderate level of using SNSs for learning purposes. However, listening, speaking and writing skills were the most enhanced skills improved using SNSs. The inferential results, using Pearson relationship, showed a significant relationship between students’ attitudes, students’ digital literacy skills and use of SNSs for learning purposes.  Considering the relationship between variables, structural equation modeling was used. The results of this phase indicated that digital literacy skills and attitude significantly predict using SNSs for learning purposes. The results were discussed in the light of the literature and recommendation for previous studies were suggested.

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