Ethical Symbols in Tata Krama Mangkunegaran Manuscripts during the Mangkunegara VII Leadership

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Devi Amaliana Listiani, Suyitno, Kundharu Saddhono

Résumé

Javanese society in conveying a cultural form tends to use symbols with considerations of feeling and ethics. From these symbols, the meaning contained in them can be understood. Manners which are held in high esteem are disguised in order to appear it beautiful and sweet. The cultural inheritance conducted by each stratum also has significant differences, one of which is the cultural inheritance tradition. The written tradition had developed in court circles and was bound by the palace government system to sustain the legitimacy of the ruling dynasty as well as to support the interests of the kingdom. It is the basis for the writing of the Tata Krama Mangkunegaran Manuscript during the leadership of Mangkunegara VII. The manuscript is written evidence that in the past, ethics was highly considered and standardized to be conducted by the courtiers or people who served in the Mangkunegaran circles. The purpose of this research is to explore the ethical symbols applied by the courtiers in the past which are written in the Tata Krama Mangkunegaran manuscripts written during the leadership of Mangkunegara VII. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative and philology. The data analysis technique uses an interactive model which includes data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. Based on the research that has been conducted, it can be concluded that in the past the ethics or manners adopted by the courtiers were manifested in the form of symbols that had the meaning of a noble character. Thus, the ancient manuscripts are not only read and known for their history but also the noble values ​​contained in them can increase insight and foster a positive attitude.

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