Gossip Among Javanese Women in Social Interaction

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Prembayun Miji Lestari, Retno Purnama Irawati, Rahayu Pristiwati, Ucik Fuadhiyah, Siminto

Résumé

This article aims to explain the peculiarities of gossip discourse in social interaction that shows the representation of Javanese women in talking about others, how they practice gossip and their conversation models. Language studies with this study are important to understand identity, sociocultural values, and linguistics of Javanese women when gossiping. The research data comes from the phenomenon of the use of language to gossip by Javanese women in rural and urban areas of Klaten Regency. Jatinom District, Klaten, has 18 villages. The research samples taken from two villages, namely Tibayan and Gedaren. The sampling were carried out with consideration that the two urban communities still use Javanese language intensively and traditional Javanese culture is still thick and routine. The total number of samples of this study were 100 respondents. Other data from informants who have schemata about the gossip. The critical discourse approach of Fairclough's dimensions of text, discourse practices, and sociocultural used to analyze data. The distinctiveness of culture and the use of Javanese local languages predominantly appear in gossip conversations. Textually dominated by positive and negative gossip that represents the mindset of Javanese women. Negative gossip discourse is mostly by rural Javanese women, while urban Javanese women tend to talk about things that are positive. The practice of discourse is interpreted through dimensions: what happens, who is involved, what is the relationship with gossip talks raised, and what is the role of language in gossip by Javanese women. In sociocultural by linking gossip conversation practices with sociocultural context of Javanese women studied. Analysis of Javanese women's gossip, both positive-negative, by utilizing the theory of critical discourse Fairclough. Gossip by Javanese women are prone to cause disputes without prolonged physical contact, if hate speech is involved. Javanese women can be trapped in 'hostility' because of jealousy, there is no compatibility, the emergence of hate speech that causes hurt, the emergence of dislike towards others, competition or disagreement, and other

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