Garuda Pancasila as a Symbol: Explaining the Practice of Constitutional and Religious Obligation in Taman Suci Freedom Fighters Temple in Tabanan Bali

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I. Wayan Wastawa, I. Nyoman Rema

Résumé

This study aims to analyze the Garuda Pancasila as a symbol related to the behavior of warfighters in Tua Village in carrying out their obligations as citizens and religious people. The data were collected through direct observation of the research object and systematic notes on what was being investigated at Taman Suci Freedom Fighters Temple, supplemented with additional information from key informants. After the data being collected, the data were analyzed qualitatively by applying the theories of symbols and religion. The findings of this study are: The Garuda Pancasila, as the symbol Indonesian national philosophy and philosophy of life is installed upon the gate of Taman Suci Freedom Fighters Temple is also a symbol of superiority. The freedom fighters and Hindu community in Tua Village considered the Garuda Pancasila at the paduraksa gate of Taman Suci Freedom Fighters Temple as a sacred artifact due to its "superiority" in bolstering the spirit of defending the Republic of Indonesia. The temple and the Garuda Pancasila symbol were erected based on the people's spirit of gratitude for God's blessing in the form of freedom from the clutch of colonialism, both physical and spiritual shackles. This Freedom Fighters Temple was also built to maintain solidarity and commemorate the freedom fighter veterans' and Desa Tua predecessors’ struggles.

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