Power Sharing System and Leadership in Ancient Sundanese Manuscript and Kampung Naga Indige-nous Communities

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Elis Suryani Nani Sumarlina et al.

Résumé

A nation is capable of producing reliable leaders, but not necessarily able to have a superior statesman. To be a great, qualified, and wise leader, he or she must be able to behave as a statesman, which means a statesman must be a leader, but a leader may not be able to act as a statesman, if he or she can not communicate and politicize well. The system of power distribution and leadership of Sundanese kings in the past, is closely related to ethics, governance systems, and political communication, which is revealed in the Sanghyang Siksakandang Karesian, Fragmen Carita Parahiyangan, Sanghyang Hayu, Amanat Galunggung or Darmasiksa, Sewaka Darma, and anothers ancient Sundanese manuscripts from XVI century AD, which is still embodied and implemented in the life of the indigenous people of Kampung Naga, Salawu District, Tasikmalaya Regency. Ancient Sundanese texts are generally made from lontar, written with Old Sundanese letters and language, which are difficult to read, and must involve experts who really understand the characters, languages, and culture of their time, while experts in the field of ancient Sundanese scripts and languages are still very rare. For this reason, excavation, research, and study are needed so that the contents that are buried in it can be revealed and studied more deeply, for better governance, and so that the younger generation of Sundanese in particular knows and participates in the role of preserving and developing local wisdom left over from the Sundanese culture, as the identity of the Sundanese. The descriptive analysis method that will be used seeks to describe the data in detail and meticulously, analyze it carefully, and compare it right on target, through the approach of textual criticism, cultural studies, and historiographical studies, which are used to uncover the contents of the Old Sundanese texts that are buried in them, which relating to power sharing and leadership systems.

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