Dutch Preposition Op and Human Body: Cognitive Semantic and Semiotic Perspectives

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Triaswarin Sutanarihesti, Setiawati Darmojuwono

Résumé

Language research in the field of cognitive semantics is usually conducted to determine the connection between language and the world and the relationship of words to concept. This research discusses the concept of the Dutch preposition op. Prepositions are used in language to describe relationships between objects. In this research, the meaning of prepositions related to the vocabulary of the human body is discussed. Data obtained by the method of corpus linguistics, Sketch Engine software. This tool allows researchers to search for data with key words in context (KWIC) in the form of nominal phrases containing the word op. Cognitive semantic design underlies the image schema analysis of locative preposition op. Meanwhile, the semiotic approach which refers to the concept of icons and symbols is used to analyze the extension of preposition op. This research aims to describe the vocabulary of human body parts related to the concept of preposition op, to describe the image schema that underlies the relationship between things, and to explain the use of preposition op and vocabulary for human body parts in denotative and idiomatic meaningful expressions. The results show that the most common body parts vocabulary are head and body parts on the head, such as face, tongue, and nose. Besides, there are shoulders, back, and other parts that are more movable, such as fingers, hands, and feet. Body parts with the preposition op is depicted in contact with its surface, adhere, or supported by another body part or an object. Thus, the image schema of preposition op that connects things videlicet the human body is essentially Coincidence, then followed by the schema's Surface, Adherence, and Support. In addition, it is discovered that the human body parts combined with the preposition op create expressions with idiomatic meaning. These expressions use the vocabulary of human body parts as icons or symbols to form new meanings.

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