Cultural Values in Oral Literature of Penampihan Temple, Tulungagung Regency

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Muyassaroh, Rahmawati Mulyaningtyas, Lilis Anifiah Zulfa

Résumé

Oral literature is an important part of people's life because it contains the inheritance of values and culture in society. In oral literature, there is a life philosophy in the past which was represented in the form of a tale and passed down from generation to generation. One of the oral literature is folklore. Tulungagung has a folk tale about Penampihan Temple. Penampihan Temple is a Hinduism temple of the ancient Mataram Kingdom. As time goes by, the tale of Penampihan Temple has also been almost forgotten. This research used qualitative research methods. The research is focused on describing the values in the folklore of Penampihan Temple in Sendang District, Tulungagung Regency, East Java and their impact on the surrounding community. The values are in the form of divine, social and humanitarian values, harmony with the natural surroundings as well. These values represent the life philosophy of Javanese people. The divine value  is shown by Prince Ponorogo that he firmly believes in God the Creator, who has the absolute right to draw a life line against His creation so that he chose to get closer to God when he felt so disappointed. In addition, this temple has been a place of worship for Hinduism since ancient Mataram, Kediri, Singosari up to Majapahit. The social values of the community were shown by Prince Ponorogo who chose not to fight against Kediri even though he was so disappointed. This is in accordance with Javanese culture, namely wani ngalah luhur wekasane. The value of harmony with the natural surroundings is indicated by the presence of two small ponds called Samudera Mantana. This pool is never dry out, which indicates the water conditions in the Java region. All components of society are responsible for protecting it. This is in line with the view, memayu hayuning bawana, which is related to protecting the environment and managing natural resources. When this is applied, the dangers of flood and drought can be avoided.

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