Critics of Weberian Paridigm on Bureaucracy: An Analysis

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Dr. Akhilesh Kumar Khan, Dr. Om Krishna, Amartya


Bureaucracy is a very old concept which keeps evolving time to time. From its origination in 18th century to today, we have seen significant changes in the system of bureaucracy and its functioning. Today, Bureaucracy of a country is very important for the country as it performs several functions and roles like: Implementation of governmental policies and laws, Running Administration, Advisory function, Role in policy formulation, Role in legislative work, Role in semi judicial work, Role in record keeping, Role in public relations, Role in collection of taxes and disbursement of financial benefits, etc. Over the time, a number of philosophers around the globe expressed their views and stated their respective theories of bureaucracy in regards with the system of bureaucracy at that time. While some of them praised the system of bureaucracy, some criticized it and views of some were mixed. This paper specifically focuses on the respective theories of bureaucracy stated by Marxist theorists like Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Both Marx and Lenin were not supportive to bureaucracy and also expressed their criticism to it. They were against capitalism and bourgeois society and insisted that bureaucracy is somehow connected to them and serves their interests. The paper also includes a comparative analysis of  Marx’s views on bureaucracy and Lenin’s views on bureaucracy which specifically focuses on the similarities and differences between the ideologies of Marx and Lenin in regards with bureaucracy on the theoretical and practical basis.

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