Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training Acting as a Mediator between Anxiety and Performance of Taekwondo Athlete

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Hira Tahir, M. Farhan Tabassum, Saba Arshad, Hummaira Farah, Syeda Maryam Zahra, Aamir Nawaz, Fehmida Ayub, Saadia Hassan


Background: Anxiety is a reaction of body in certain situation that includes fatigue, restlessness, irritability, tense muscles, panic attack & irrational fears. Anxiety has overwhelming impact on athlete’s performance and it is very important to overcome anxiety without any adjournment. In this perspective, muscle relaxation (PMR) techniques contribute vehemently to control anxiety and helps to enliven the potentials of the athlete. Progressive muscle relaxation is known as a beneficial technique which is employed to relax the muscles.  

Purpose of the study: The purpose of this study is to calculate the impact of anxiety on performance. As anxiety has inverted-U impact on athlete’s performance, however the impact of anxiety has been measured. The second purpose of this study has been to analyze the impact of anxiety through progressive muscle relation on athlete’s performance that how an athlete can overcome his/her anxiety during competition. 

Methodology: To proceed this study, -taekwondo athletes participated in it, who were divided into two experimental group and control group. Anxiety questionnaire was used to measure the anxiety level of athletes. After that  weeks progressive muscle relaxation training was conducted for experimental group. Pre and Post anxiety level were measured. A competition was conducted between experimental and control group to measure the performance. Performance was measured by scoring points of both groups. 

Results: The results of this study show that experimental group has a high level of performance rather than control group. Hence, it proved that progressive muscle relaxation has positive impact athlete’s performance. 

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