José Martí: Epochal Criticism, Naturalistic Religiosity and Deconstruction of the Western Modern Ethos

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Ariel Zaldívar Batista et al.

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The article proposes as a guiding objective to develop a heuristic reading about a praxic, spiritual sui generis formation: the philosophical and religious spirituality of José Martí. The qualitative specificity of religiosity in José Martí, the epochal problems that urge his critical reflexivity, are approached from a logical, dialectical and historical-philosophical methodology, the processes of semantic inversion, semiotic complementarity and the sigmoidal interactions that they suffer philosophical-religious ideas such as “Dios”, “Alma”, “Amor”, “Naturaleza” in representative works of the José Martí corpus such as: “Prólogo al poema al Niágara”, “Cuadernos de Apuntes”, “Emerson”. Likewise, the transgressive social functions that this form of spirituality and rationality, which is José Martí's religiosity in historical time, fulfilled are revealed; from an axiological, ideological, critical, prospective and heuristic point of view.

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