Exploring the Perceptions of Stakeholders regarding Causes and Factors of Shyness: An Analysis at Secondary Level

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Muhammad Saleem Akhtar, Syeda Lubna Shoukat , Jam Muhammad Zafar,


This research work is aimed to explore the stakeholders’ understandings and perceptions about factors and causes of shyness of secondary grade students. Parents, teachers, friends and shy students are included as stakeholders and sample of research. This research work was descriptive & qualitative in nature. Interview protocol was used as research instrument. The convenient sampling technique was used to collect data. 66 shy students, 66 parents & 66 teachers of shy students were selected as sample. 50% respondents of research sample were comprised female students and relevant stakeholders. After data analyses, this was concluded that personal factors, parentage factors, societal factors, educational institute atmospheric factors & cultural factors were the main factors of shyness for students at secondary level. The male respondents declared that inferiority complex, bullying by friends, family atmosphere, phobias, lack of individual attention, hatred from others & deprived of parental affection were the major causes for their shyness. Whereas female respondents declared that family atmosphere, gender discrimination, deprived off parental affection lack of individual attention, inferiority complex, lack of appreciation at educational institute were the major causes for their shyness. The situation may be improved if the parents, teachers and peers provide harmonic and appreciative atmosphere along with participation in co-curricular activities to build confidence in students to remove shyness. However parental behaviour in preschool age phase has profound effects on children social behaviour and shyness.

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