Impacts of Power-Distance on Political Activism, Political Apathy; Sports and Islamic Perspective: A Survey of Faculty Members from Gomal University, D.I. Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Dr Muhammad Aslam, Dr Noor Muhammad Marwat, Muhammad Wajeeh ud Din Nouman, Dr Mazhar Islam, Rashid Mehmood Arain


Hofstede’s cultural dimensions provided a framework to understand the cultural differences between different cultures. The model suggests ‘power-distance (PD)’ as a factor to comprehend the distance of power between governors/leaders/Islamic scholars and the governed or followers. If Muslim citizens and athletes feel high power-distance (High-PD), they are inclined to ‘political apathy (PA)’ and alienation. Likewise, if politically there is low-power distance (Low-PD), the citizens are motivated towards political participation (PP), involvement and activism. This study is an effort to measure the strength of these relationships as per opinion of the faculty members in a higher education institution like Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The field study confirms the positive Islamic and negative links of PD with PA and PP respectively. There are substantial implications for the stakeholders to adjust according to the guidelines by the field study.


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