The Critical Devices Used by Donald Trump and Boris Johnson in Persuasion of Social Distance: A CS Study

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Nidaa Hussain Fahmi Al-Khazraji, Hind Abdulameer Abd Oun


Persuasion is a central human mechanism influencing nearly any type of social interaction. Trump and Johnson as politicians seek to manipulate others' thoughts and attitudes to manage the affairs of the both countries i.e., the USA and the UK. Critical stylistics is a subfield of applied linguistics which is introduced by Lesley Jeffries (2010) to fill the gaps between stylistics and critical discourse analysis by developing ten tools of analysis that are called textual- conceptual functions to uncover the hidden ideologies in texts. Social distance is a new phenomenon which is appeared after coronavirus spreading over the world as a new pandemic causing the death of people. Social distance is the most effective way known in the time of the virus spreading. The research adopts Jeffries’s (2010) method to analyze the data. The current study aims to explore the strategies that are used by Trump and Johnson to convince people with social distance to characterize the underlying ideologies behind the speeches of each. It is hypothesized that: there are many hidden ideologies in the analyzed data; there are no differences in the style of both. The present paper has arrived at a conclusion which says that naming and describing are frequently used by theses prominent leaders among the other critical devices such as equating and contrasting, hypothesizing and prioritizing.

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