Defining Roles, Delegation of Powers, Administrative Structure, Handling Maladministration: Khushal Khan Khattak, Political Philosophy of Effective Administration of State

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Muhammad Noaman Yousaf, Dr. Waseem Ullah, Sajad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Khan, Najbud Din, Dr. Matiullah


The administration of the state is the most predominant feature of any state. It is concerned greatly with the skills and qualities that a particular sovereign or leader possesses due to which he can administer a state. The success and failure of a state are directly related to its administration. Khushal Khan Khattak an Afghan poet and political philosopher of the 17th Century lays a significant emphasis on the role of citizens in the state, successor to be appointed by a King, unity under a single command coupled with a well-planned and organized administrative structure of a state. The bravery of a leader, using sword coupled with wisdom, the importance of the use of a unified force, the importance of the careful and wise expenditure of wealth upon the leader, the kindness and forgiveness for the weak section of the society along with strict and exemplary punishment to be given to those that are guilty of severe misconduct and challenge the writ of the state, all of these are inevitable for a leader to govern a state efficiently. In the same way according to Khushal khan Khattak for good governance the leader must be generous and lion-hearted and must possess honor and integrity for which he will not even dare to fight. Khushal gives the example of the Holy Prophet (SAW) that achieved immense victories due to his outstanding leadership, statecraft, and politics and is the best and exemplary leader for all sovereigns to follow. The paper discusses and analyzes different aspects and views of Khushal on the efficient administration of state through the empirical research process.

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