Investigation of Grammatical Cohesion Errors in Written Paragraphs Made by ESL Students of Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology (KFUEIT)

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Bushra Rasheed, Samina Sarwat, Syed Khuram Shahzad


Writing is a vibrant tool in all learning areas. It is a difficult task for ESL undergraduate students. The literary element of cohesion is essential for mastering writing. This study aimed to look into the percentages and frequencies of coherent grammatical devices in KFUEIT ESL students' written paragraphs. The second-semester studentsat the Department of Humanities, Health, and Social Sciences were selected randomly. The mixed method of research methodology, both qualitative and quantitative were used for adopting the framework of Halliday and Hassan (1976). The researcher aimed to analyze the errors' percentages and frequencies of cohesionthat BS students employed in their written,personal, demonstrative,possessive pronouns,personal subjective,temporal, additive, and adversative cohesive devices were selected by the researcher.Each devise's results with frequency and percentage showed by the researcher in table 3. In these two categories of cohesion (pronouns and conjunctions), the results revealed that the students of KUEIT made the most frequent errors in adversative and personal subjective pronouns with percentages of 31% and 24. As compared to both categories,conjunctionis the most frequent category of grammatical cohesive devices errors used in the writing of students of KFUEIT with a total percentage of 59%. This study recommends that these ESL students should be more conscious of their writing skills. They should develop their cohesive grammaticaldevices awareness as well as they should improve their vocabulary.

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