Impact Of Functional Strength Training In Cellular Basal Efficiency In Swimmers (400) Meters Freestyle

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Farqad Abdul Jabbar Kadhim Jawad Al-Mousawi


The research aimed to identify the effect of functional strength training on cellular basal efficiency through the speed of lactic acid disposal at the expense of increasing sodium bicarbonate, and the decrease number of breathing times for a swimmer (400) meters freestyle. The experimental approach was adopted by designing the two equal experimental and control groups on a sample of elite young swimmers for a distance of (400) meters in the Al-Jaish (Army) Sports Club who are prepared to participate in the sports season (2020-2021), who are officially registered in the Iraqi Central Swimming Federation, which number (20) swimmers, all of them were deliberately chosen from their original community at a rate of (100%), and after determining the tests for the dependent variables, functional strength training was applied at a rate of (3) times a week in part of the main section of the training unit, and for a period of (8) weeks during the special preparation period, and accordingly it becomes Number of training units (24) training units, The intensity of the training units was graded from (55% to 80%), and after the end of the experiment, the results were processed using the (SPSS) system to be the conclusions and applications in that the functional strength training has positive effects on youth swimmers (400) meter freestyle, in creating a balance of the cellular biochemical processes, and increasing the effectiveness of basal efficiency by decreasing the accumulation of lactic acid and increasing the amount of sodium bicarbonate inside the sarcoplasm of muscle cells, to reflect positively on reducing the respiratory rate, which gives an indication of the progress in the level of the physiological state, the need for the attention of the coaches (400) meter freestyle swimming and increases their knowledge about cellular chemistry related to them in continuing to perform quickly and efficiently in the races, and to enable them to control how to raise the level of effectiveness of these processes By gradual training intensity and taking into account the principle of diversity and exchange when training the muscles of the center and adjusting the timing to get rid of accidental metabolic outputs during the effort of completing the distance of this swimming race.

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