Impact of Peri-Urban Areas Waste Water Irrigated Vegetables on Health of Athletes in Pakistan; Islamic and Financial Perspective.

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Dr. Noor Muhammad Marwat, Muhammad Shoaib, Dr. Muhammad Naseer, Muhammad Imran Shah, Dr. Muhammad Aslam Khan, Habib Ullah



Globally human population is dramatically increasing not only in under developing but in developing countries of the world. Our homeland Pakistan is also facing this emerging problem particularly in rural and peri-urban areas in all provinces. In most of areas canal irrigation system is almost towards closure and pure moving water is not available for formers. In the peri-urban areas is the situation is most worsening and for farming the waste water is used. Untreated waste water is mostly used by farmers to irrigate the vegetables in the nominal area on their disposal. Researchers keeping in view the Islamic and health elements of locality selected study in hand for research. Researchers had tried to investigate the hurdles, advantages, disadvantages, incentives, and other allied problems faced by farmers while irrigating vegetables in peri-urban areas. Application/usage of untreated water for vegetable study was conducted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab provinces connected peri-urban areas. Scheduled interview was used as quantitative data collection tool after reliability and validity. Collected data was analyzed through SPSS latest version. Results of study concluded that majority of the respondents (53.88%) were educated up to middle level, 67.22% of farmers had small land, majority of farmers were involved in irrigating vegetable for more than 14 years. 78.30% of farmers relied on farming being sole income source. Findings have shown that higher cost of tube well fresh water (100%), non-availability of irrigation water (100%), and power/energy crises (100%) in Pakistan were reported vital elements of using untreated waste water for vegetable irrigation. Response of respondents for tenancy favor was recorded 89.44%. farmers were of the opinion that due commercialization of urban land the demand of vegetable has increased up to 82.77%. In incentives high yield was on the top and health problems were the main disincentives of wastewater application. It is strongly recommended that water treatment facilities must be provided by Federal and Provincial Governments on subsidized rates on priority basis because small scale vegetable growers have no reasonable financial as well as physical capitals to strengthen their business. In case of increase prevailing situation the future of our talented athletes seems at stake. Our homeland is Islamic Republic of Pakistan and it is duty of the executives in top hierarchy to promote and strengthen the Islamic rituals in country.  


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