Militancy in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: it’s political impact on district Charsadda (2007 to 2017)

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Prof. Dr. Fakhrul Islam, Attaullah Jan, Dr. Hamida bibi, Nouman Khan, Muhammad Usama

Résumé

The post 9/11 immense wave of militancy has affected the lives and standard of living of common people across the country, especially in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Such menace gave birth to numerous apprehensions and affected lives subject masses and adversely impacted the institutions. The current research work attempts to investigate the political impact of militancy on Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province with a case study of district Charsadda (2007 to 2017).This research focuses on period 2007-2017 because the militancy became more visible in the form of suicide attacks in Charsadda in 2007. Although it existed earlier also, but increased manifold during this period because of the lawlessness, extremism and terrorism. As a result of 9/11 attacks, the United States started “Operation Enduring Freedom” against the key leaders of Al Qaeda in Afghanistan. Due to the close proximity and porous Pak-Afghan border, the militants infiltrated into erstwhile Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan making FATA a safe sanctuary for themselves. This militancy did not remain confined to FATA, but also spilled over into the mainland Pakistan, especially to the adjacent Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Charsadda, being adjacent to the erstwhile Mohmand Agency, suffered the most. It was mainly targeted, because, the key political figures of this area have different  ideology, as opposed to the militants.In this paper, the impact of militancy on politics especially two influential parties i.e. Awami National Party (ANP) and Qaumi Watan  Party(QWP) has been taken into consideration. The policies of these parties were against the militants. Moreover, these parties remained in power and harmed the ongoing insurgency. Resultantly, they were targeted.


 

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