Relationship between Organizational Cynicism and Mobbing: An Analysis on Academic and Administrative Staff Working at Universities (The Case of the Eastern Black Sea Region)

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Taner Erol, Mehmet Cakici

Résumé

This research aims to examine the levels of organizational cynicism and mobbing of academic and administrative staff working at universities in the Eastern Black Sea region. The research population consists of the academic and administrative staff at universities in the Eastern Black Sea Region in 2018-2019. The stratified sampling method, which is one of the random sampling techniques, has been used in sampling since all students would be given an equal opportunity to be selected. Within the scope of the study, data were collected from 487 participants in total, and 37 questionnaires with incomplete and incorrect data entry were excluded. In the end, the remaining 450 participants’ responses were evaluated. The statistical analysis of the questionnaire forms applied to the personnel was performed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program version 25.0. The scores of the personnel included in the study from the Mobbing Scale and the Organizational Cynicism Scale were evaluated, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was applied for the normality test. As a result of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, it was determined that the scores obtained from the scales were not compatible with the normal distribution, and therefore non-parametric methods were used. Accordingly, in testing the hypotheses, if there are two independent variables, the Mann-Whitney U test was used. If it consists of three or more groups, the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. The Tamhane test was used as a 2nd level post hoc test to determine the difference between the groups found to be significant. In addition, the relationship between the scores of the staff on the Mobbing and Organizational Cynicism Scale was determined by the Spearman test. The findings of the study showed that there is a relationship between the administrative and academic staff's mean scores from the mobbing and the organizational cynicism scales. It was determined that there was no statistically significant difference between the staffs’ scores from the mobbing scale and the organizational cynicism scale according to the participants’ working status. Also, the relationship between organizational cynicism and mobbing concepts depending on some demographic factors has been determined. Average organizational cynicism and mobbing scores of academic and administrative staff are found to be similar. This result supports the frame of the present research and therefore be very valuable. The present study shows similar and dissimilar results with the studies available in the literature.


 

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