The Slavery in the Legislative and Legal System and Represented of the Carving Mesopotamia

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Raied Daier Jasim


The Iraqi civilization is one of the oldest human civilizations and the most prominent interest in laws and regulations. The ancient Iraqis were considered the oldest bloggers in the history of mankind, and some of these laws date back to the era of the dawn of the Sumerian dynasties in which the first efforts that organized the ancient social life appeared. This era also set laws and applying them to all classes of the old Iraqi society. The organization of the classes of the ancient Iraqi society in its early beginnings was based on the principle of power because the strong is the owner of the right and controls the rulings of the group or the tribe. However, after stability and expansion in cities, people realize that the law of force does not solve problems and conflicts anymore. Therefore, it is directed towards recognizing rights and resolving disputes through laws established by rulers and priests who derive these judgments from inspiration or divine revelation, portraying people as judgments provided by the gods to them while the gods stand next to the right holder.

 The study concluded that the laws in force in Mesopotamia and through the ancient stages proved that the political and social system was based on a slave system. Also, some of these laws emphasized the exploitation of the weak and their use as slaves.

The ancient sculptor tends to represent events and phenomena based on what he knows and not as he sees them and performs them according to their truth and their role in transmitting the remembered event in the mind that lies in the mental storage, as some sculptural works were distinguished by a tendency to flatness features of shapes. In the sculptor system confrontational feature due to what the sculptor’s mentality carries, which stems from what is subjective, social and spiritual. One source of the slavery system is prisoners of war in ancient times.

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