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Since ancient times, the theater was established among the Greek nation. It was renowned to be the element of expression for man and his problems, concerns, dreams and aspirations. Long time ago, politics and incitement are related to theater. As it is known that religious politics and man’s struggle with the destiny that this policy imposed on made him aspire to get rid of the laws that did not give him a room for freedom and self-expression. The situation continued until the uses of politics in theater developed and began to be consistent with other economic and social concepts as it is in the Renaissance, specifically the era of Shakespeare. The research is divided into four chapters: The first chapter is the methodological framework which includes the research problem represented by the following question: How could Hafez employ the incitive political concept in making his theatrical texts). As for research goal, it was limited to identifying the inciting political dimension in Hafez's theatrical texts, as well as the importance of research, the need for it, and the definition of terminology.
As for the second chapter (the theoretical framework and previous studies), it is divided into three topics: the first topic was the inciting political dimension in the global text, and the second topic included the inciting political dimension in the Arab theatrical text, and the third topic was concerned with Hafez’s technical and intellectual references then the indicators that emerged from the theoretical framework. Regarding the third chapter, it is concerned with the research procedures and the analysis of the intentionally selected sample consisting of one text. The researchers based the design of the analysis tool on what was derived from the indicators of the theoretical framework. The fourth chapter was devoted to the results.