Hybridity in the Ministry of Utmost Happiness

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Munazza Mahmood


This paper contains an analysis of the novel The Ministry of Utmost Happiness written by the renowned Indian writer and social activist. Arundhati Roy. This study is an analysis paper on the novel of Arundhati Roy-The Ministry of utmost happiness. Arundhati Roy is one of the most renowned Indian writers of the English Language and is also a social activist. She is the first Indian writer to receive one of the most distinguished awards- the Booker Prize. Most of Arundhati Roy’s works are non-fictional and deal with contemporary social and political issues of India. However, her first novel The God of Small Things (1997) made her win the Booker’s Prize. Arundhati Roy wrote second novel The Ministry of Utmost Happiness (2017) came twenty years after her first novel.

This paper deals with the theme of post-colonialism in Roy’s novel The Ministry of Utmost Happiness and analyses the role of the protagonist of the novel Anjum, a hermaphrodite as an epitome of post-colonialism. HomiBhabha’s theory of hybridity and mimicry has been applied in the study of this novel to examine the after-effects of colonialism.

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