Buiding Business Model And Value Chain In Agricultural Production- Case Of Tea And Lychee Planting In Northern Region Of Vietnam

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Vu Quynh Nam, Nguyen Thi Hang, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

Résumé

Authors Aim To Define And Use An Approach Of Agriculture Value Chain To Solve Problems Of 2 Case Examples: Lychee And Tea Production In The North Of Vietnam.


By Using Analysis And Statistics, Together With Qualitative Methods Including Synthesis And Explanatory Methods, Authors Figured Out That: Firstly, Vietnam's Tea Exports Mainly And For A Long Time Focused On Easy Markets, It Did Not Set Strict Standards On Food Safety And Hygiene. In Export, Vietnam Mainly Relies On Exploiting Available Competitive Advantages (Cheap Labor, Land, Natural Resources) But Has Not Actively Created New Competitive Advantages To Enhance Added Value. Secondly,Vietnamese Lychee Still Faces Many Limitations In Accessing The High-End Market. There Can Be Many Different Reasons Leading To This Result Such As Weak Support Service System, Limited Production And Processing Methods, High Transportation Costs, Care, Harvesting And Preservation Procedures. Due To Poor Handling, The Quality Control Time In Importing Countries Is Prolonged, Which Reduces The Competitiveness Of Products. In Addition, Some Studies Suggest That The Lack Of Coordination And Coordination Among Stakeholders In The Fabric Product Chain Also Leads To Low Efficiency. Or This Field Has Not Attracted Many Businesses To Participate, Cooperatives Operate Inefficiently, As Well As Inappropriate Policies Also Affect The Market Participation Of Lychee. Our Research Results Stated That Review And Assessment Of The Diversity Of Manufactured Products Variables As Well As The Consumption Rate Of Raw Products, Traditional Products Have An Important Meaning. It Is Important To Improve The Competitiveness Of Agricultural Products In The International Market. On The Other Hand, The Variety Of Processed Products Helps The Agriculture Of Developing Countries Overcome Weaknesses In The Preservation And Post-Harvest Handling Stages, Reducing The Status Of The Devaluation Season (Source: Ha Giang Lychee Project Of Le Van Hung, Pham Van Hong Et Al, 2019).


Last But Not Least, Improve The Value Added In The Global Value Chain. Specifically, Upgrade/Improve Production Process: Improve Added Value Through Changing Production Methods More Efficiently. For Example, In The Cultivation Stage, Changing The Traditional Production Method (Production Based On Own Experience) With A New Production Method According To A Cleaner And Safer Production Process (Vietgap, Globalgap, .. ). This Production Process Helps Farmers Use The Right Inputs At The Right Time, Reducing Costs As Well As Improving Product Quality.

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