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The problem of terrorism has historical roots that go back several centuries. It has raised and produced many problems in the lives of individuals and societies, so studies have dealt with it with interpretation and analysis in most of the human sciences, especially social psychology, because of its negative effects on the lives of individuals and societies.
Terrorism is a social behavior and a negative phenomenon that depends on the nature of the abuse of power over the other. It adopts the approach of intimidation, intimidation and incitement to panic to forcibly subjugate the other. The terrorist act is described as an extremist behavior that relies on seemingly blind violence and implicitly ideological violence (Rafflick, 2017, pp. 11-14).
Terrorism is transnational, as it relies on the philosophy of governance based on universal religious teachings under the pretext of eroding the value of justice in the world, and not the rational philosophy in managing the state and society (Al-Hadidi, 2015, pp. 11-12)
Most terrorist groups throughout history have concealed the identity of their members to avoid detection and identification. In order to give the character of collective terrorism to the masses and their anonymity appears in two forms, they are when they realize that others cannot separate them or identify them in real life or in social media and communication sites, through their removal of identifying information about their identities from any material exchanged with the other (Hayne & Rice , .(1997, p. 43).