The Creation of Islamic Community Empowerment Translates Democracy (Shura) in the Da'wah Movement in the Reform Era of Indonesia

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Abdul Syukur, Suslina, Wiwin Windayanti

Résumé

This article seeks to explore the meaning of the creation of social empowerment which has been included in the scope of sociological studies (development sociology) into the realm of da'wah as the creation of Islamic community empowerment. Social empowerment has shifted the meaning of Indonesia's development during the New Order regime (1966-1998), and in the reform era (1998-2021) the echo of empowerment entered all lines of life, especially politics and religion. The political field is participatory democracy and decentralized power. Participatory democracy is a socio-political empowerment process that is related to the shura principle. The field of religion is a religious authority that contains shura for socio-political empowerment through the da'wah movement. Da'wah movement is an Islamic religious activity for the Islamic community to respond to the transformation of democracy and the creation of empowerment which is translated as development by prioritizing community participation and the support of social institutions, local wisdom, and the spirit of religion (Islam). Religious authority is the concern of da'wah thinkers and practitioners (ulama/da'i) in the study of da'wah in the field of Islamic community development, and its implementation becomes the creation of the empowerment of the socio-religious-political system of the Islamic community as the target of da'wah (mad'u). This empowerment creation is oriented towards political participation or democracy through the da'wah movement. The reform era has opened the faucet of democracy and there has been a process of democratic political institutionalization through general elections (elections). Previous studies argue that the reform era has seen a socio-political transformation from the previous era. In the reform era, the democratic process is more open, people's participation is more empowered, and power is decentralized. This literature research using qualitative-descriptive methods is directed at the socio-religious transformation that requires the creation of Islamic community empowerment by strengthening civil society groups, elected bodies, electoral systems, and functionally forming public administrations. The Islamic community must be able to oversee the creation of empowerment to strengthen the religio-political system based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. The da'wah movement with a political approach (da'wah siyasah) offers a solution to the problems of democracy to create an ideal Islamic community (khairu ummah), namely the community. Who participate in democracy to maintain harmony, justice, and prosperity (amar ma'ruf); a society capable of preventing social conflict, disintegration, and intolerance (nahy munkar); and a religious society (tawhid). Faith (tawhid) as the foundation of the Islamic community upholds the commandments of ma'ruf nahy munkar to realize khairu ummah through da'wah siyasah.

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