Indonesian Languange Policy And Planning In Pre-And Post-Independence: A Historical And Comparative Approach

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Lucia H. Winingsih , Budi Kadaryanto Agus Amin Sulistiono, Irsyad Jamzani, Asma Aisha

Résumé

The History Of Indonesian Language Policy Emerged In Early 20th Century In The Period Of The Dutch Colonialism. The Peak Was In 1928 Was When The Youths From Various Regions In Indonesia Gathered In Jakarta For A Congress Later Known As The Youth Pledge Day, Yielding A Spirit Of One Land, One Nation, And One Language. This Has Been Believed To Be The Born Day Of Bahasa Indonesia (Hereafter Bi) As The Nationwide Language. The Status Was Further Reinforced And Legalized In The Nation Constitution In August 18, 1945, One Day After The Indonesian Independence Proclamation. In Post-Independence Period, Former Dutch Colonial Schools Were Mostly Closed Or Changed, And Gradually Put The Indonesian National Language Stronger. The Dutch Language Influence Was A Lot Reduced By Then. However, The Influence Of Local Languages, Especially Javanese And Other Major Vernaculars In Indonesia Were Kept Strong In Line With The Issue Of Planning The Language To Be A Means Of The Unifying Nation. Compared To Other National Languages, The Experience Of Indonesia Is Unique. This Paper Analyses The Success Of The Deployment Of Bi As The National Language Through A Long And Complex Process In Historical And Comparative Perspectives. How This Has Been Related To The Nation Education System For Future Interests Would Also Be Addressed.

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