Holidays And Ceremonies Held By Inhabitants Of The Khorezm Oasis: Past And Present

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Zaynab Abidova, Adhamjon Ashirov

Résumé

Khorezm* - the most ancient cultural oasis located in lower reaches of the deep Amu Darya River and between the deserts in the north of Uzbekistan. Khorezm is considered as one of the centers of the most ancient civilization. Khorezm is bordered from the North with the sea, from the East and the southwest with the Kara-Kum and Kyzyl-Kum Deserts.


The article describes the past and present aspects of the holidays and ceremonies held by the inhabitants of the Khorezm oasis in the shrines.It is also noted that the historical basis of such ceremonies as Navruz, Red Flower Festival, Mulberry Festival and Harvest Festival in September are associated with ancient pre-Islamic beliefs, such as magic, the cult of fertility, the cult of resurrected nature, agrarian cults.The traditions and ceremonies held in the summer and autumn of the year are dominated by the idea of ​​growing crops, preserving them, harvesting them without destroying them, while winter traditions and ceremonies reflect the eternal struggle between good and evil.Since ancient times, the people of Khorezm, according to Zoroastrian traditions, held celebrations in the cemetery in order to celebrate all the festivities with their ancestors.In the article, we have mainly tried to cover these areas in detail.


 


*Our article covers a wider area than the modern geographical concept of "Khorezm region" includes the territory of the Republic of Karakalpakstanand Turkmenistan, which were part of ancient Khorezm and Khiva Khanate.

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