Diaspora and Identity Construction Maluku Community in the Netherlands

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Abubakar Kabakoran , Mahmud Ishak

Résumé

The Moluccans in the Netherlands are one of the ethnic minorities who have historically been transported to the Netherlands after the Changes of World War. This resulted in around 4000 KNIL soldiers and their families being taken to the Netherlands where they traveled to the land of the Windmills. This study aims to describe the identities of the Moluccans living in the Netherlands by focusing on ethnic interactions and how the Moluccans interpret themselves in the social context of Dutch society, social interactions between ethnic groups across countries and identity politics and recommend the need for revitalization and development of identity. community and multicuralism insight. The term "Maluku Holland" is used in writing as a category that differentiates it from the Moluccans living in Indonesia. The social interaction between the Maluku people in the Netherlands in the early days of the Maluku people in the Netherlands had obstacles to integrate with Dutch society. However, along with the Dutch government's policy of restoring the honor of the KNIL soldiers, the Moluccans slowly reconstructed their more inclusive identity, but did not forget their cultural roots. The construction of the identity of the Maluku community in the Netherlands is very significant, especially regarding who is called “the original Maluku people” nowadays is no longer as rigid as in the past, considering that the young people of the Dutch Moluccas prioritize actively in deconstructing what it means to be Maluku in the Netherlands. Furthermore, the long history of the Netherlands shows that the value of tolerance and multiculturalism is not something that is given. Dutch citizens are encouraged by the government to be ready to accept the various forms of cultural diversity brought by migrants. This attitude is confirmed by legislation supporting the issuance of laws prohibiting discriminatory acts against ethnic minority groups. The values of tolerance and multiculturalism were born and developed because of the social dynamics in them. This process is a process that continues until now.

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