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This study presents the aesthetics of the decorative formations in the Al-Aqsa Mosque and their use as contemporary decorative techniques and designs, how they developed and flourished, and the many aesthetics they carry, as it was a vast field to show the ingenuity of the Muslim artist, and that artistic wealth that is contained in artistic remnant, especially in Al-Aqsa Mosque because of what art it contains in the field of calligraphy and decoration, which enriches archaeological studies through the diversity of forms of Islamic decorations, the most important of which were vegetal, geometric and linear decorations and their forms used in a new artistic style and the technical principles that it adopted in implementing them with the patterns of lines and the extent of their coherence and compatibility with other decorative elements. That is why art has become the focus of all civilizations that praise man and masterpieces of art, and among this interest is Islamic art, which was created by the Muslim artist in the spirit of Islamic art, or all decorative forms were subjected to the spirit and philosophy of Islam; and Islamic decoration expressed the faith of Islam , especially in decorating the walls, and giving them an artistic and aesthetic value, in addition to the Muslim artist’s interest in the decoration of the Holy Qur’an and places of worship. It witnessed the Islamic decorations and calligraphy that decorated the walls of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock and played a great and important role in the artistic creativity of the contemporary artist, in Islamic art that the Muslim artist and architect excelled in producing. Through this, the researcher went to study this by seeking to shed light on the formations in the Islamic decorations in Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, which are always at risk of blurring the features of the aesthetic identity.