Healthy Habits in Third Grade Schoolchildren at an Educational Institution in Soledad Atlantico, Colombia

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Diana Rodríguez Villa, Gloria Lastre-Amell, Carmen María Carrero-Gonzalez, Judith Cristina Martínez-Royert, María Alejandra Oróstegui Santander, Roxy Cáceres Garcia, María Mendoza Hernandez, Eder Ochoa Zapateiro, Carolay Salas Ortega, Sheily Safi Bolaño

Résumé

The first stages of human life are considered decisive for the acquisition and consolidation of healthy lifestyles. The school stage is the most appropriate for establishing long-term healthy habits. Objective: To identify healthy habits in schoolchildren at an educational institution in Soledad (Atlántico), Colombia. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive quantitative study, non-probability sampling, and convenience sampling of 85 female schoolchildren from an educational institution who met the inclusion criteria with prior informed consent. A questionnaire validated by experts from previous research was applied, structured in four parts. The first part consisted of age and gender as variables. The second consisted of 17 closed questions and collected the frequency of food consumption at breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The third one recorded the items related to healthy habits in relation to the hours of sleep and the fourth recorded the hours of physical activity. Results: The population as a whole was female, they complied with the consumption of breakfast, lunch, and dinner. There was an evidence of a higher consumption of milk preparations and less consumption of eggs as the ideal protein. Additionally, low consumption of natural fruit juices and tubers, greater consumption of pasta, and an adequate consumption of meats was observed. The study showed that the studied school girls spent more time in physical activity outside of school, and fulfilled the requirement of >8 hours of sleep. Conclusion: Further research is required, including multicenter studies on the subject, to relate and compare the results.

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