Understanding of Anthropology and Sociology of Religion in a Contemporary Context: Critical Analysis of the Findings of Experts

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Wa Ode Sifatu, Achmad Hidir, Sardjana Orba Manullang, Vani Wirawan, Petrus Jacob Pattiasina


For many scientists, scholars, and even other scholarly groups, anthropology continues to be a fascinating field of analysis. (Eriksen, 2020; Pink, 2011; Callan & Street, 2010). This is intriguing since the area of research is concerned with how humans and their logos interact, think, reason, and utilize reason in their daily lives. To put it another way, anthropology is the analysis of a human being's inner workings. Similarly, since it is linked to sociology, the research would get more complicated and thorough. Therefore, we would like to examine more deeply what and how is the severe understanding between anthropologists and sociology of Islam and is related to the conditions of human life and the religion of Islam today. So that with a good understanding, we will be able to understand the meaning and function and benefits of understanding anthropology and its development in a culture-cultivated society and the biological and physiological characteristics of humans and their evolution. (Hymes, 2019; Moser, 1996). Another understanding, according to Laland et al., (2011) anthropology is a sense of evolutionary perspectives on human social behavior which also says anthropology is the science of humanity, which studies humans in various aspects ranging from the biology and evolutionary history of homo sapiens to the characteristics of society and a culture that differentiates humans from other animal species. To add insight into understanding Anthropology in an academic context, understanding MacLean et al., (2014) believe that the evolution of self-control is a part of Anthropology that is now widely studied. Meanwhile, Nunn, (2011) also understands that the comparative approach that occurs in the evolutionary science of anthropology and other branches of natural or biological sciences.

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