Conflict Handling Model in Border Areas Republic of Indonesia - Papua New Guinea (Case Study in the Skow Border Area–Wutung Muara Tami District, Jayapura City, Papua Province)

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Usman Pakasi

Résumé

This study aims to analyze problems that are potential sources of conflict and produce a conflict resolution model in the border area of ​​Indonesia and Papua New Guinea in Skow-Wutung, Muara Tami District, Jayapura City. The study was conducted using a qualitative approach. Empirical data were obtained through observation and in-depth interviews. The results showed that the problems and cases of legal violations prominent in the border areas of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea in Skow - Wutung, Muara Tami district were issues of customary rights and boundaries, socio-economic disparities, and cases of lawlessness such as illegal border crossers, drug trafficking. And sharp weapons, as well as the illegal trade in commodity goods. This problem can become a source of conflict between the two groups of people and between the two bordering countries. The analysis of these problems presents a model for handling conflict in border areas, namely: (1) The Compromise Model, namely a model for handling conflict through negotiation and reconciliation, which involves the two bordering countries (Indonesia and PNG). (2) Pluralism (Collaboration) model, which is a model for handling conflicts that occur between community groups, especially those caused by differences in primordial Katan (differences in ethnicity, ethnicity, religion/belief); (3). Conflict-handling models based on sources of conflict, namely conflict handling, aim to create fast conflict resolution through self-regulation and third parties. The conflict handling model can handle and resolve conflicts that occur in the Indonesia-PNG border area.

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