Multiculturalism in West Java Province: Prospective Historical Study

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Reiza D. Dienaputra, Agus S. Suryadimulya, Fahmi Lukman, Eva Tuckyta Sari Sujatna, Susi Yuliawati

Résumé

Cultural diversity in the regions that are now becoming part of West Java Province basically has been going on for a long time. The arrival of various major cultures, such as Indian, Arabic, Chinese, and the West, as well as the arrival of various local cultures, especially Java, made West Java Province full of cultural diversity. The era of independence made West Java Province to become more diverse in its culture, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Moreover, based on historical facts, West Java Province also seems to have a strong commitment in implementing the principle of multiculturalism, that is, cultural diversity in equality. The reality of West Java Province that has successfully implemented the principle of multiculturalism in managing cultural diversity is interesting to study. So that it can be used as learning material for the diverse Indonesia. In this regard, to examine multiculturalism in West Java Province, this study uses historical method that includes four stages of work, namely, heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. Furthermore, to obtain in-depth explanation, a social science and humanities approach is used, among which is implemented through the use of concepts and theories about multiculturalism. The result shows that multiculturalism in West Java Province is presented in three major constructions. Firstly, the construction of multiculturalism provides space for all cultures, both majority and minority, to live and develop according to their needs. Secondly, the construction of multiculturalism gives space for every culture to interact, complement and strengthen each other. Thirdly, the construction of multiculturalism gives spaces for majority culture to interact with minority cultures and utilize them to strengthen majority culture.

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