The Local Wisdom of Traditional Irrigation System for Agrotourist Destination at Tipang Village, Lake Toba Area: Ritual and Tradition

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Robert Sibarani, Echo Sibarani, Peninna Simanjuntak, Giuseppina Monaco


The purpose of this research is to describe the role of local wisdom related to traditional irrigation system for agritourism destination by the local community of Toba Batak at Tipang, Lake Toba area.

Design/methodology/approachQualitative paradigm with interactive model was applied in this research design. This research was conducted by employing anthropolinguistic approach with the analytic parameters of interconnection, valuability, and sustainability. Batak Toba society at Tipang village has practiced mutual cooperation for preparing, improving, and rebuilding traditional irrigations. It is conducted as ritual and tradition which have been inherited from one generation to another generation for hundred years. The traditional irrigators (irrigation workers), called Sihali Aek,  are chosen from the local village leaders. Preparing, improving, and rebuilding traditional irrigations are annually conducted by the ritual and tradition. The ritual is called mangallang indahan siporhis (eating the best rice) and done before implementation. Trtadition of the preparing, improving, and rebuilding traditional irrigations are conducted by raja ijolo (village leaders) and parhata (inviters) of the seven native inhabitants of the village. The host structure of irrigation tradition is conducted in zigzag based on the structure the seven native inhabitants or local surnames. The ritual and tradition of the traditional irrigations can be applied to the attraction of agritourism. This article describes a new and significant contribution to sustainable traditional irrigations based on the sustainable ritual and tradition which can be implemented to the development of agritourism.

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